## What does the 16 mean in an IP address?

Each number between the dots in an IP address is actually 8 binary digits (00000000 to 11111111): we write them in decimal form to make it more readable for humans.

The `/16′ means that the first 16 binary digits is the network address, in other words, the `1.2..

## What does IP address 0.0 0.0 mean?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the Internet Protocol Version 4, the address 0.0. 0.0 is a non-routable meta-address used to designate an invalid, unknown or non-applicable target. This address is assigned specific meanings in a number of contexts, such as on clients or on servers.

## What is 255.255 255.255 used for?

255.255. 255.255. 255.255 is a special broadcast address, which means “this network”: it lets you send a broadcast packet to the network you’re connected to, without actually caring about its address; in this, is similar to 127.0. 0.1, which is a virtual address meaning “local host”.

## How do you subnet?

255.248 or /29.STEP 1: Convert to Binary.STEP 2: Calculate the Subnet Address. To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask. … STEP 3: Find Host Range. … STEP 4: Calculate the Total Number of Subnets and Hosts Per Subnet.

## How many IP addresses are in a 16?

CIDR, Subnet Masks, and Usable IP Addresses Quick Reference Guide (Cheat Sheet)CIDRSubnet MaskTotal IPs/19255.255.224.08192/18255.255.192.016,384/17255.255.128.032,768/16255.255.0.065,53629 more rows•Aug 26, 2011

## How many 24s are in a 16?

Since you have 8 more bits to use to define the network in the /24 subnets under the /16, there are 256 /24 subnets in a specific /16.

## What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IP Address ComponentsAddress Class. Early in the development of IP, the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) designated five classes of IP address: A, B, C, D, and E. … Default Subnet Mask. … The Network Field. … The Host Field. … Non-default Masks. … The Subnet Field.

## What is a 255.255 254.0 subnet?

255.255.254.0 = 23 bits mask = 510 hosts (512 -2 ) 255.255.252.0 = 22 bits mask = 1022 hosts (1024 -2 ) 255.255.248.0 = 21 bits mask = 2046 hosts (2048 -2) You always multiply by 2 or divide by 2..and remove 2 hosts (broadcast and network)

## What is a 16 subnet?

The last three octets of a Class A subnet mask are used to address hosts on a LAN; the 24 bits you can manipulate however you wish. … It saves you from typing, or pronouncing, the whole mask. For example, /8 means 255.0. 0.0, /16 is 255.255. 0.0, and /24 is 255.255.

## How many 20 subnets are in a 16?

Network BitsSubnet MaskNumber of Subnets/17255.255.128.02 (0)/18255.255.192.04 (2)/19255.255.224.08 (6)/20255.255.240.016 (14)11 more rows•Aug 16, 2003

## What should my subnet mask be?

Most home networks use the default subnet mask of 255.255. … However, an office network may be configured with a different subnet mask such as 255.255. 255.192, which limits the number of IP addresses to 64. Large networks with several thousand machines may use a subnet mask of 255.255.

## What does CIDR 16 mean?

The slash following the IP address is the abbreviation for the subnet mask. … The amount of ones in the subnet mask is equal to the number of the abbreviation. For example, the /16 subnet mask you asked about would have 16 ones in a row, the rest of the numbers being zeros. 11111111.11111111. 00000000.00000000.

## What does it mean 192.168 0.0 24?

1. 192.168.0.0 Refers to the IP adress /24 refers to the subnet. / 24 subnet is 255.255.255.0. 192.168.0.0/24 is common for home networks.

## What is CIDR give an example?

The CIDR notation In CIDR notation, this (class C) subnet mask would be /24, since the first 24 bits determine the network component of the IP address. … For example, the mask /25 corresponds to the binary value 11111111 11111111 11111111 10000000, which in turn (in dot-decimal notation) corresponds to 255.255. 255.128.